Rebecca Rioters at Fishguard / Merched Beca yn Abergwaun

County Echo 31 - 7 - 1902 Bu Thomas Davies yn dyst i'r digwyddiadau / Thomas Davies witnessed the riots.
Mae’r iet a’r bwthyn ym Mharcymorfa wedi hen ddiflannu, ond, hwn yw’r gofeb olaf, o bosib, am y teulu fu’n byw yno. ‘Er cof am James Owen, mab John a Mary Owen, Pacymorfa Gate, ganwyd Mehefin 17, 1839 bu farw Hydref 26 1863, y cyntaf a gladdwyd yn y gladdfa hon. Hefyd, tad yr uchod, John Owen a fu farw Mawrth 10fed 1886 a Mary Owen a fu farw Mai 5ed 1906 / The tollgate and the cottage in Parcymorfa have long since disappeared, but this is possibly the last memorial for the family that lived there. In memory of James Owen, son of John & Mary Owen, Pacymorfa Gate, born June 17, 1839 died October 26 1863, the first to be buried in this burial ground. Also, father of the above John Owen who died March 10th 1886 and Mary Owen who died May 5th 1906.
Mynwent Capel Hermon, Abergwaun / Hermon Chapel cemetery Fishguard

The Rebecca Riots had been ongoing since their inception in 1839 at Efailwen, Carmarthenshire and although most people associate their protests  against what was perceived as the injustices of the toll gates, the movement was also very concerned about the general economic conditions in the countryside at that time.

This is an account of the visit of “Mother Rebecca and her daughters” to Fishguard on the  11th September 1843. The story reached London and was reported in “The Times” although this particular article was published in The Cambrian on the 15th September 1843.

Roedd Terfysgoedd Beca wedi bod yn mynd rhagddynt ers torri’r iet gyntaf  yn 1839 yn Efailwen, Sir Gâr. Er bod y rhan fwyaf o bobl yn cysylltu eu protestiadau gydag anghyfiawnder y tollbyrth, roedd y mudiad hefyd yn ofidus iawn am yr amodau economaidd cyffredinol yng nghefn gwlad y cyfnod.

Dyma hanes ymweliad  “Rebecca a’i merched” ag Abergwaun ar 11 Medi 1843. Cyrhaeddodd yr hanes Lundain ac fe’i hadroddwyd yn “The Times” er i’r erthygl arbennig hon gael ei chyhoeddi yn The Cambrian ar 15 Medi 1843.

“BECCA AT FISHGUARD – On Friday evening or early Saturday morning last, Rebecca, with about fifty of her children (agreeable to notice given to the collector and to Mr M’Kennel, the surveyor), paid a visit to this town: they arrived at the gate leading from Haverfordwest at about 12 o’clock. After going through some preliminaries, Becca requested her children, after firing a volley, to take down the obstacle in her way, in the presence of a great number of the inhabitants; they then marched in military order through the town to the Parc y Morfa gate , on the road to Newport, a distance of about half a mile, which was soon demolished. They returned in a short time in the same order, very peacefully.

The above named lady, with about eighty of her children, paid another visit to the town on Monday night last, to complete the work they had commenced on Friday night. They arrived at about twelve o’clock, passed through the town in military order, Becca leading the way on horseback, to Parc y Morfa, on the Cardigan road. After giving notice to the inmates of the toll-house to leave, they commenced pulling it down, which was effected within about half an hour; they then returned through the town, to the toll-house on the Haverfordwest road, which was then destroyed; They then proceeded to the residence of Mr M’Kennel, the surveyor of the roads, and totally destroyed his garden wall which he lately took in from the Common and doing great injury to his property. They left at the approach of dawn, informing the inhabitants, it was their intention to pay another visit to get rid of some encroachments that had lately taken place on the Common, They were generally armed and kept up a regular fire and the whole were disguised.”

By 1851, the Owen family lived in the toll house known as Parcymorfa Gate. John Owen was a carpenter living with his wife, their seven children, a carpenter’s apprentice and a maid!Erbyn 1851, y teulu Owen oedd yn byw yn y tolldy oedd yn cael ei adnabod fel Parcymorfa Gate. Saer oedd John Owen yn byw gyda’i wraig, eu saith plentyn, prentis gwaith saer a morwyn!

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